As a cascading effect of the existing ban on export of iron ore from Karnataka and Goa, the volume of cargo handled by the Government-controlled 12 major ports during the period of April 2012 to March 2013 had declined by 2.58 per cent.
According to the tentative statistics released by the Indian Ports Association (IPA), Kandla Port in the State of Gujarat emerged as ‘numero uno’ port among the 12 Major Ports by handling a volume of 93.62 MT cargo.
Kandla Port, which has retained the top position for the sixth year now, had registered a modest increase of about 13.48 per cent (in volume) in the financial year while its last year’s volume stood at 82.5 MT.
On the other hand, Mormugao Port in Goa registered a massive slump in its cargo volume due to ban on export of iron ore from the tiny state for the past few months. The port’s annual volume, which had remained at about 39 MT in 2011-12, nosedived to 17.69 MT registering a decrease of -54.63 per cent.
In overall terms, the 12 Major Ports put together handled 545.68 Million Tonnes (MT) of various commodities such as coal, iron ore, crude oil, petroleum products, containerized cargo and fertilizers in the financial year 2012-13.
In terms of increase in percentage of volume handling in the last fiscal alone, Ennore Port Limited, country’s only corporatized port located near Chennai Port, had recorded a healthy increase of about 20 per cent.
While in 2011-12, EPL had handled a volume of 14.95 MT, due to that 20 per cent modest jump, this fiscal, the port had handled about 17.88 MT.
According to the statistics available, movement of containers (TEUs) reduced by just one per cent.
While these major ports (excluding Ennore, which does not have container handling facility) had handled about 77.79 lakh TEUs in 2011-12 period, this fiscal, the figure had come down to 77.08 lakh TEUS.
The latest figure also revealed that Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) climbed to the No. 2 spot (after Kandla Port) by virtue of volume handled, while Vizag Port slipped to third position.
Due to Madras High Court ban on handling of iron ore and coal, Chennai Port suffered a massive decrease in volume and is pushed to sixth position with 53.04 MT after Paradip, which had handled 56.55 MT in the financial year.